4.10. Nutritional Rules vs the Elderly Diseases: Selected Diets

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“Long story short, I learned to choose my nutrients wisely.”


Special diets for the elderly: depending on the individual needs and the elderly health, a doctor or nutritionist may recommend one of the special diets:


Gluten-free diet

It is a diet that excludes eating wheat, rye, barley and oats contaminated with them. The most important indication for its use is diagnosed celiac disease, gluten intolerance, gluten allergy and Dühring’s disease. Sometimes it is recommended for patients suffering from Hashimoto’s disease and irritable bowel syndrome.

Easily digestible diet

This diet provides the same amount of energy and nutrients as the diet of healthy people, but consists of products that do not burden the digestive system (limiting food rich in fiber, fat and spicy spices). It is used, among others, by people with gastrointestinal diseases, periodontitis, and seniors who have undergone surgical procedures.

Low-fat diet

This diet aims to reduce the daily consumption of fats, mainly of animal origin, and replace them with vegetable fats and fish. A low-fat diet helps to maintain normal blood glucose levels, reduces LDL cholesterol in the body, and also has an anticoagulant effect.

  Specialist diets must not be used on your own – it should always be decided by a doctor or dietitian. There are many diets that can be dangerous to humans (e.g. a low-carbohydrate diet increases the risk of atherosclerosis, liver disease and kidney stones). Therefore, any change in the way of nutrition must be consulted with a specialist!

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