4. Nutrition for the Elderly


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Text and video by Fundacja “Małopolska Izba Samorządowa”, Kraków, Poland. Design and layout by e-Training Solutions, Berlin, Germany. Cartoons by Boris Luve.


According to the World Health Organization, 50% of human health depends on the lifestyle, including diet. Elderly people struggle with various chronic diseases, such as hypertension, diabetes, and circulatory diseases. One of the risk factors for the development of many of them is improper diet, therefore proper nutrition is an important element of the prevention and treatment of these diseases.

Adequate nutrition is one of the key factors in maintaining the health and well-being of older people. Due to the nutritional needs of the elderly and certain limitations in eating meals, as well as chronic diseases characteristic of old age, the diet of an elderly person is quite specific.

Properly planned nutrition of an elderly person may slow down the aging process.


Learning Objectives

In this module you will learn:

   What is the energy demand of an elderly person
   What nutrients should be included in the daily diet of older people
   What are the most important principles of healthy eating in the elderly
   What the selected diets of the elderly are characterized by
   What nutritional rules should be followed in the case of certain diseases of old age


Expected Learning Effects

After completing this module, you will be able to:

   Create a menu for the elderly, taking into account the basic principles of nutrition for the elderly
   Calculate the need for nutrients in the diet of an elderly person
   Prepare meals taking into account a special diet (e.g. for certain diseases)


4.1. Aging and diet
4.2. The Energy requirements
4.3. Demands for Select Nutrients: Protein
4.4. Demands for Select Nutrients: Vitamin D and Calcium
4.5. Demands for Select Nutrients: Dietary Fiber, B12 and Potassium
4.6. Principles of elderly’s nutrition
4.7. Nutritional Rules vs the Elderly’s Diseases: GERD
4.8. Nutritional Rules vs the Elderly’s Diseases: Constipation
4.9. Nutritional Rules vs the Elderly’s Diseases: Diet for diabetics
4.10. Nutritional Rules vs the Elderly’s Diseases: Selected Diets
4.11. Assessment


Estimated time to complete the module:

5 hours



This E-learning module is an open educational resource. It is mobile-friendly and device-independent. The module is designed for individual learners, however it can also be used as a part of a instructor-led training program.

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